Noémie Pinardon-Touati

Noémie Pinardon-Touati

  PhD Candidate in Finance, HEC Paris

I am a PhD candidate in Finance at HEC Paris. My main research fields are corporate finance and banking. I am particularly interested in the interaction between public policy and corporate behavior.

I will join the Department of Economics at Columbia University as an Assistant Professor in July 2022.

You can contact me at

You can download my resume here.

Job Market Paper

The Crowding Out Effect of Local Government Debt: Micro- and Macro-Estimates

Local government expenditures are increasingly financed by debt, mostly consisting of bank loans. I study the crowding out effect of these loans on corporate credit, investment, employment, and output, using French administrative data over 2006-2018. Exploiting plausibly exogenous variation in local government credit growth across banks, I show that when a local government borrows an additional €1 from a bank, this bank reduces corporate credit by €0.5, with significant effects on firm-level investment. Combining these reduced-form effects and a model, I show that crowding out reduces the output multiplier of debt-financed local government spending by 0.3. This is large compared to government spending multiplier estimates. Crowding out is driven by banks' limited ability to expand their credit supply. These results show that constraints on financing supply reduce the stimulus effect of debt-financed government spending.


Aggregate output loss due to crowding out

Working papers

Mediating Financial Intermediation

with Aymeric Bellon (Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania) and Louis-Marie Harpedanne (Banque de France)

This paper studies the resolution of disputes between firms and their lenders through external mediators, who suggest a non-legally binding solution to resolve a disagreement after communicating with all parties. We exploit an administrative database on firms' outcomes matched to the French credit registry and plausible exogenous variation in eligibility to public mediators across counties for identification. Credit, employment and investment increase following the mediation, causing an overall reduction in firms' liquidation of 34.6 percentage points. All the effects are driven by firms that borrow from more than one financial institution, supporting the view that mediators solve coordination problems between lenders.


Effect of the mediation on the probability of entering bankruptcy proceedings

Private Credit Under Political Influence: Evidence from France

with Anne-Laure Delatte (CNRS, CEPR) and Adrien Matray (Princeton University)

Formally independent private banks change their supply of credit to the corporate sector for the constituencies of contested political incumbents in order to improve their reelection prospects. In return, politicians grant such banks access to the profitable market for loans to local public entities among their constituencies. We examine French credit registry data for 2007-2017 and find that credit granted to the private sector increases by 9%-14% in the year during which a powerful incumbent faces a contested election. In line with politicians returning the favor, banks that grant more credit to private firms in election years gain market share in the local public entity debt market after the election is held. Thus we establish that, if politicians can control the allocation of rents, then formal independence does not ensure the private sector's effective independence from politically motivated distortions.

In the media (in French): Le Monde, Les Echos, Libération, France Culture.


Contested and influential incumbents before the 2017 election

Work in progress

Corporate Social Responsibility and the Private Provision of Public Goods: Evidence from India

Do Loan Guarantees Spur Entrepreneurship?

with Alexandre Gazaniol (BPI), Johan Hombert (HEC Paris) and Frédéric Vinas (Banque de France)


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